Giorgio Osti, Renewables, energy saving and welfare in Italian fragile rural areas, in "SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI" 3/2016, pp. 102-118, DOI:10.3280/SP2016-003007.
The aim of the paper is to verify whether energy transition, seenas a development of renewable energy sources (RES) and energy savings,has an impact on welfare in rural areas where green energy infrastructureshave been installed. The study is based on two assumptions: the first is thatRES generally need wide spaces more frequently located in open, not built,rural areas; the second is that some rural areas are facing severe welfareissues like ageing of the population, poverty, and cutbacks in socialservices. We suppose that material and immaterial resources like new jobs,royalties, and social cohesion can derive to these exhausted communitiesfrom energy provision or saving. The study concerns four Italian rural areas,each selected because of the presence within it of an important energystructure. The framework for analyzing the two fields - welfare and energy - is a combination of the institutional and network approaches (Owen-Smithand Powell 2008). Both traditions of study meet the need to achieveknowledge on sectors deeply affected by public intervention (policies) andby restricted business circles (oligopolies).
Keywords: Energy; Welfare; Countryside; Fragile Areas; Transition
Giovanni Carrosio, A place-based perspective for welfare recalibration in the Italian inner peripheries: the case of the Italian strategy for inner areas, in "SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI" 3/2016, pp. 50-64, DOI:10.3280/SP2016-003004
When a large proportion of the population has problems findingschools in which the levels of education and teacher quality are equivalentto those guaranteed in larger urban centres, hospitals capable ofguaranteeing essential health services (first aid; emergency; birthing;transfusions) or adequate internal and external mobility systems, thequestion of constitutionality and right to full citizenship constituents ariseon one hand; while on the other, a vicious circle of marginality is triggered,in which demographic haemorrhage follows a process of continualreduction of these services, precluding the usefulness of any sort ofdevelopment intervention. Starting from this assumption, the public policyNational Strategy for Inner Areas works to guarantee the inner citizenshiprights as a pre-condition to foster economic development. The articleillustrates the welfare question in the Italian inner peripheries, analyzing thetheory and methods of intervention of the public policy.
Keywords: National Strategy for Inner Areas; Capabilities; Social Investment; Welfare;Rrecalibration; Extractive Institutions
Servillo L, Russo AP, Barbera F, Carrosio G, Inner Peripheries: towards an EU placebased agenda on territorial peripherality, IJPP – Italian Journal of Planning Practice Vol. VI, issue 1 - 2016, pp. 42-75
The main goal of this paper is to propose a sound interpretative and policy framework for ‘Inner Peripheries’ at the EU level. Its ambition is to bridge conceptual approaches to peripherality with the policy objectives set by key documents such as the Territorial Agenda 2020 and other recent reports on economic, social and territorial cohesion. An integrated multi-scalar approach, grounded on the notion of spatial disparity, is therefore connected with a ‘place-based’ approach to policy design. The breakthrough experience of the Italian programme on Inner Areas is an opportunity to broaden the reflection on inner peripheries and policies that are most apt to reconnect them. A more comprehensive analytical framework is proposed here, which looks at the foundational economy, spatial justice and territorial cohesion. The framework deals with both the ‘condition’ of peripherality and the ‘process’ by which endogenous and exogenous drivers determine the marginalisation of specific territories. Such tenets are fleshed out in the development of an original approach bridging theory and practice, analysis and policy, crucially assuming multi-scale governance design as the enabling framework for greater coherence between top-down and community-led initiatives.
Keywords: Territorial cohesion, Spatial justice, Inner periphery, Foundational economy, Spatial marginalisation
Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, The revenge of the places that don't matter (and what to do about it), Centre for Economic Policy Research, Discussion Paper DP12473, November 2017
Persistent poverty, economic decay, and lack of opportunities are at the root of considerable discontent in declining and lagging-behind areas the world over. Poor development prospects and an increasing belief that these places have ‘no future’ – as economic dynamism has been posited to be increasingly dependent on agglomeration economies – have led many of these socalled ‘places that don’t matter’ to revolt against the status quo. The revolt has come via an unexpected source: the ballot-box in a wave of political populism with strong territorial, rather than social foundations. I will argue that the populist wave is challenging the sources of existing well-being in both the less-dynamic and the more prosperous areas and that better, rather than more, place-sensitive territorial development policies are needed in order to find a solution to the problem. Place-sensitive development policies need, however, to stay clear of the welfare, income-support, and big investment projects of past development strategies if they are to be successful and focus on tapping into untapped potential and on providing opportunities to those people living in the places that ‘don’t matter’.
Keywords: economic development, territorial inequality, regions, cities, populism, placesensitive policies
Josef Bernard e Martin Simon, Inner Peripheries in the Czech Republic: The Multidimensional Nature of Social Exclusion in Rural Areas, Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 2017, Vol. 53, No. 1: 3–28
The spatial concentration of social disadvantage in rural areas not only poses a risk to social cohesion but also represents a challenge for public policy. This article draws on a multidimensional concept of disadvantage to study spatial aspects of disadvantage in Czech rural areas. Current studies aimed at identifying ‘inner peripheries’ as areas with an increased risk of social exclusion fail to distinguish between different forms of disadvantage. Their methodological approach blends regions struggling with various problems into one category. Contesting the one-dimensionality of peripheries, this article presents an alternative approach that allows the delimitation of multiple types of peripheral areas based on four separate dimensions of disadvantage. It is possible then to distinguish: peripheries characterised by low qualifi cations, lower living standards, and the absence of a middle class; peripheries with an increased risk of social exclusion; peripheries with poor accessibility; and peripheries facing demographic challenges. Differences in the spatial patterns of the four types of peripheries indicate that different sociospatial processes contribute to the emergence of different types of peripheries and this calls for varied public policy tools and measures.
Keywords: peripheries, disadvantage, area deprivation, public policy, rural
areas, social exclusion, Czech Republic